Let’s leave the driftwood to do its work

Driftwood in the estuary.

With vehicles effectively excluded from the beach for about 4 months it’s been interesting to see the effects of leaving bird life and driftwood undisturbed.

In fact, as sand mounds up behind the driftwood it led me to ponder what the role of driftwood is on a beach. In particular, where the north track off Reay Mackay Grove exits onto the beach the dunes have been growing fast, aided by the driftwood that has been used to protect the area from trail bikes.

A bit of searching led me to this interesting (and brief) DOC report. Following are a few choice extracts.

Information from: Walls, G., 1997, Where water meets land: Ecological values and conservation management of driftwood (PDF). Conservation Advisory Science Notes No. 165. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

Stability, erosion control, dynamics

… driftwood catches material, usually on its uphill or upstream side, or facing the prevailing wind. On the other side it may form a hollow. The nett effect is an accumulation of sand, silt, shingle, shells, seaweed or leaves.

Driftwood … provides a natural basis and reinforcing structure for foredunes and low bars, and shapes beaches and shores accordingly. … With judicious placement of driftwood, eroding portions of beach systems can be stabilised…

Habitats for small animals

In estuaries and rivers, where driftwood is partly submerged, it furnishes sites for fish, barnacles, marine worms and other aquatic or semi-aquatic small animals.

Habitat for birds

Among the birds that use driftwood as roosting or lookout sites are kingfishers, starlings, shags, gulls, terns, dotterels, oystercatchers, herons and pipits: most of the birds of the shore.

A smaller number of birds routinely or occasionally seek out driftwood for nesting: black-backed gulls, black-billed gulls, oystercatchers, caspian terns, white-fronted terns, pied stilts …, banded dotterels, black-fronted dotterels, New Zealand dotterels (which may nest alongside a piece of driftwood either for shelter or as a landmark) and blue penguins.

Conclusion

Driftwood has a significant ecological role, both as an ecosystem in its own right and as a component of other systems where land meets water. It provides habitats for a surprising range of animals and plants, and may be crucial in the life cycles of several. It is valuable in coastal stability and can be used as a cheap effective erosion control material.

Fairy prion on the beach.
Fairy prion on the beach.

Down in Kāpiti the Beach Bylaw 2009 (PDF) prohibits people from using power tools to cut up driftwood, and you can’t remove more than you can carry on foot (Clause 18).

Given our problems with erosion, that sounds like a very sensible approach we could put into practice.

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Waikawa Beach or Manakau

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